Alexei Navalny Wiki – Bio
Russian opposition leader, politician, lawyer and anti-corruption activist. Russia gained international reputation by organizing demonstrations and taking office to advocate for reforms against corruption in the Russian President Vladimir Putin and Putin’s government. Navalny has been described by The Wall Street Journal as “the man Vladimir Putin feared the most”.  Putin avoids mentioning Navalny directly by name. Navalny is a member of the Russian Opposition Coordination Council, leader of the Progress Party and founder of the Anti-Corruption Foundation (FBK).  Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2020
Navalny has over four million YouTube subscribers and over two million Twitter followers. Through these channels, it publishes materials about corruption in Russia, organizes political demonstrations and supports its campaigns. In a 2011 radio interview, Russia’s ruling party described the United Russia as the “party of swindlers and thieves” that has become a popular nickname. Navalny has been arrested several times by the Russian authorities. He received two suspended sentences for embezzlement in two cases, one in July 2013 and the other in December 2014. [ Both cases are widely viewed as political motives and prevent him from being a candidate in future elections According to the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), the cases violated Navalny’s right to a fair trial. Russia-based Memorial Human Rights Center recognized Navalny as a political prisoner in 2013. Navalny filed 6 complaints at the ECHR against the Russian authorities, totaling € 225,000.
In 2013, he participated in the Moscow mayoral elections and came in second with 27% of the vote, losing to Putin’s incumbent mayor, Sergey Sobyanin. In December 2016, Navalny attempted to become the Russian Presidential candidate during the 2018 elections, but was banned in December 2017 due to a previous criminal conviction viewed as politically motivated by Russia’s Central Election Commission. The Russian Supreme Court rejected his appeal and upheld the ban, calling him to boycott the election In March 2017, Alexei Navalny and the FBK, then prime minister Dmitry Medvedev, and Russia’s former president, the corruption that led to nationwide protests.
Alexei Navalny Arrested
Russian officials tried Vladimir Putin’s foremost critic, Alexei Navalny, in a police station, in a move he described as “the highest degree of lawlessness”.
The leader of the opposition party, Mr. Navalny, was arrested when he arrived in Moscow on Sunday evening after recovering from being poisoned with a nerve gas.
His allies said he was held at a police station outside Moscow on Monday and was denied access to his lawyers.
READ MORE: Alexei Navalny: Britain calls for the release of the Russian opposition leader
Their lawyers stated that the trial on whether he should be in custody started at the police station on Monday, adding that they were only informed a few minutes ago.
“It’s impossible to happen here,” Mr. Navalny said in the impromptu courtroom video posted on his page on the messaging app Telegram.
“This is the highest degree of lawlessness.”
— Alexey Navalny (@navalny) January 18, 2021
The 44-year-old was detained at the Moscow Sheremetyevo airport under passport control after flying from Berlin, where he was treated after the poisoning he blamed on the Kremlin in August.
His arrest sparked criticism and called for his release from Western countries.
Secretary of State Dominic Raab was among the speakers of the election for European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and national security adviser Jake Sullivan, US President newly elected Joe Biden.
“It is terrifying that Alexey Navalny, the victim of a despicable crime, was detained by the Russian authorities. He must be released immediately,” Raab said in a statement.
“Navalny should explain how a chemical weapon was used on Russian soil, rather than persecuting Russia.”
Mr. Sullivan tweeted: “Mr. Navalny must be released immediately and the perpetrators of the horrific attack on his life must be held responsible.”
Outgoing US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US “strongly condemned” the arrest, calling it “the latest in a series of attempts to silence Navalny and other opposition figures and independent voices criticizing Russian officials”.
German foreign minister Heiko Maas called the arrest “completely incomprehensible”.
Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov said the reaction of Western officials was an attempt to “divert attention from the crisis of the Western development model”.
He added that Russian law enforcement officials announced the arrest of Mr. Navalny.
The Russian prisons service said the suspended sentence for embezzlement in 2014 violated the terms of parole.
Mr. Navalny fell into a coma on a domestic flight from Siberia to Moscow on August 20, and was transferred to a Berlin hospital two days later.
Laboratories in Germany, France, and Sweden and tests by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons found exposure to a Soviet-era Novichok nerve agent.